‘We lost our houses, our cars, our men’: call to protect Mosul civilians

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Human rights organisations call for Iraqi government to protect innocent people and analyse civilian deaths

Mosuls civilians remain at mausoleum probability and have tolerated a cataclysmic ordeal, human rights organization have said as they urge the Iraqi government to take steps to protect innocent people and investigate large-scale civilian deaths in the city.

The calls by aid workers and trade human rights activists came as Iraqi troops fought to reclaim a final sliver of province controlled under Islamic State in the city where the radical groups president, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, extol his caliphate three years ago.

The repugnances that the people of Mosul have witnessed and the neglect for human life by all parties to this conflict must not go unpunished, told Lynn Maalouf, experiment head for Amnesty International in the Middle East.

Entire households have been wiped out, many of whom are still buried under the rubble today. The people of Mosul deserve to know, from both governments, that there will be justice and reparation so that the harrowing impact of this procedure is duly addressed.

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Iraqi security force celebrate in Mosul after pushing out Isis boxers. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/ Getty Images

The Iraqi prime minister, Haider al-Abadi, declared victory in Mosul on Sunday, ten months into a campaign to oust the fear group from the most densely populated metropoli under its self-control. On Monday he said that win differentiated the failure and the collapse of the terrorist state.

The defeat foliages Isis without any significant urban strongholds in Iraq, retreating to its insurgent roots in the desert after a spectacular fall from a zenith in which it controlled vast stretchings of Syria and Iraq.

The liberation of Mosul has refocused attention on the plight of the citys civilians, thousands of whom are now dislocated and will likely remain as internal refugees for months while the city is rebuilt, in the burn heat of Iraqs summer. The militants have utilized them as human shields in their effort to resist the military forces advance, and scores are believed to have been killed as a result of airstrikes by the US-led coalition that is backing the Iraqi army.

Many are likely to be vetted to determine whether they have links to Isis or cooperated with the group, a process that in the past contribute to arbitrary disappearings, though Iraqi officials have repeatedly swore to prevent extrajudicial retribution.

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Iraqi “ministers ” Haider al-Abadi announces win in Mosul on Sunday. Photo: Reuters

The closer you are to the front line in west Mosul, “the worlds largest” the need and the harder it is to meet those needs, mentioned Melany Markham, a spokeswoman for the Norwegian Refugee Council, who is on the floor near Mosul. Most of the people living there have been under siege for months without food, sea or medical supplies. Their situation is desperate, yet existing conflicts prevents us from reaching these people.

Markham said the Iraqi government and the US-led bloc were now responsible for protecting Iraqi civilians who have been let down time and time again with facilitate as well as reconstruction projects and justice for their suffering.

Humanitarian employees replied refugees were suffering in the camps that had been lay out, absence sufficient food, water and electricity to subsist the sear desert heat.

Salih Mohammad, from western Mosul, who is staying at a refugee camp near the city, said he could not go back to the city because there were no services and much of his vicinity was destroyed in the fighting.

Two of my brothers are missing … and I dont know if they are alive or not, the 36 -year-old articulated. My house was destroyed in the fighting and we came here last week. There is no security in Mosul now because even in the eastern region of the city, there are still Daesh[ Isis] sleeper cells and they occasionally strike.

Hafsa, a 40 -year age-old, also from west Mosul, is living in a camp with her eight offsprings. She mentioned several of her relatives were missing.

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Iraqi people start reconstructing their constructs in the scorching hot of the summer. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/ Getty Images

We lost everything: our residences, our autoes, our men, she announced. I am not going back to Mosul anytime soon There is no life there, everything is flattened in west Mosul. Life in the camp is not ideal but there is peace and no one make any threats against you and gouges from you. The future of Mosul is in the hands of people and the governmental forces, and they need to work together if they want to improve life in Mosul.

A report published on Tuesday by Amnesty International advised the creation of an independent commission to investigate the killing of civilians by all backs in the conflict, including British forces that had participated in the bombing campaign.

The report documents 45 assaults that killed at least 426 civilians, and highlights the fact that Isis used human shields but that the coalition failed to adapt its tactics and continued to use imprecise weapons with wide-ranging field results in the densely populated city.

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A member of the Iraqi Federal police went past destroyed buildings from frictions in Mosul. Photo: Thaier Al-Sudani/ Reuters

The scale and gravitation of the loss of civilian lives during the military operation to retake Mosul must immediately be publicly accepted at the highest standards of government in Iraq and states that are part of the US-led alliance, Amnesty said.

The UK has conducted more than 700 airstrikes within the framework of the Mosul operation, and the rights watchdog said the Ministry of Defence should set up a proper commission to investigate the claims of civilian casualties.

While there may be an end to military conflicts around Mosul, there was no end in sight to the humanitarian crisis, the UN High Commission for Refugees said in a statement, adding that hundreds of thousands have been displaced by the fighting.

Many have nothing to go back to, due to extensive damage caused during the conflict, while key basic services, such as liquid, energy and other key infrastructure, including schools and hospitals, is required to be rebuilt or restored.

UN envoy opens seventh round of talks in Syria

The UNs envoy for Syria used to say the stars may simply be beginning to align for armistice after six years of savage conflict, as he opened a brand-new round of indirect talks, the seventh so far, between Syrian government representatives and opposition leaders on Monday.

Staffan de Mistura ruled out any breakthrough at this weeks mediations in Geneva to intention a struggle that has claimed more than 320,000 lives and displaced more than half of Syrias population.

But he pointed to a new ceasefire brokered with US and Russian help, handling three provinces in south Syria, as one informant of hope.

He mentioned other hopeful signs were the creation of de-escalation zones elsewhere and the retaking of Mosul by Iraqi armies from Islamic State, whose geographic spread had become a prime ingredient in Syrias combustible mix.

There is a higher potential than we have seen in the past for progress, the UN envoy told a press conference after the first day of the talks, which he is chairing, alternating between meeting Syrian government delegates and representatives of three opposition groups.

Disappointment has come all too often as various peace initiatives came to naught since a rebellion first explosion against President Bashar al-Assad in March 2011, the Swedish-Italian official conceded.

But what I can tell you is that we are seeing several superstars coinciding in a certain direction, both on the field, regionally and internationally.

De Mistura and delegates in Geneva were at aches to play down beliefs for the seventh round of negotiations, which are set to end on Friday with farther rounds already scheduled for August and September.

In principle, the Geneva negotiations focus on four so-called baskets: a new constitution, governance, elections and combating terrorism.

The opposition insists on Assads departure from ability, but that is a red path for his delegation led in Geneva by Syrias UN ambassador. Agence France-Presse in Geneva

Read more: http :// www.theguardian.com/ us

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